1Source: World Urbanization Prospects for total population (Note: assume 50-50 gender distribution)

2Source: UNDP World Population Prospects (percent of population between the ages 15-59)

3Source: 2008 Population Census Sudan (Note: Khartoum State includes 1 million rural residents)

4Source: UNDP All-Cause Deaths Estimates (rates estimated with all cause deaths per population); GBD-2004 Africa (all deaths-injury fraction)

5Note: Data for Maputo is for ages 15-49 due to different age categories in INCAM

6Note: Data for Khartoum is for ages 15-44 due to different age categories in the 2008 Population Census Sudan

7Note: Calculated for 12 months